TravelerCosmo to Machu Picchu

Citadel of Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu Llaqta. - This construction is a majestic Inca culture, surrounded by temples, enclosures, platforms, water channels surrounded by majestic mountains or Apus. Its name comes from the Quechua language that means old mountain, it is known worldwide for its incomparable construction on the top of the mountain, in whose bottom the waters of the Urubamba river are surrounded. For many architects and engineers to date, it is a mystery how the Incas achieved the construction of this incredible and great city of stones. Today it is one of the seven wonders of the modern world and also recognized in 1983 by Unesco as a Cultural Heritage of Humanity to be recognized for its location and its mysteries of its buildings. According to some chroniclers and historians at the time of the Inca Pachacuteq was an important political, religious and administrative center. Some also mention that during the XV and XVI centuries the citadel of Machu Picchu would have been one of the dwellings of the Inca Pachacuteq, although some of its constructions show that it was used as a great religious sanctuary. Among its main attractions within the majesty of Machu Picchu, we find the Temple of the Three Windows, Temple of the Sun, The Temple of the Condor and the solar clock of the Inti Huatana. Its architecture and engineering are considered a great masterpiece, due to its distinctive landscape and architectural features. Due to its geography and its slippery slopes of land, the hydraulic and drainage constructions successfully overcame the difficulties of this area that is why the constructions of these works are exceptional and demonstrate a great knowledge in hydraulic engineering.

Schedule of Entrance: Morning shift: 06:00 am - 12:00 pm, Late shift: 12:00 pm - 17:00 pm.

Mountain of Huayna Picchu. - Its name is in the Quechua language which means "Young Mountain" in Spanish is about 2,700 masl with an area of ​​2000 square meters. The mountain of Huayna Picchu is very visited by many tourists for those who enjoy hiking on the heights. The path is suitable a steep and narrow path in the route there are several steps and steps of stones carved in living rock ascending towards the top. Already at the top of the mountain, there are buildings, enclosures on the edge of the abyss and terraces that had the agricultural or protection function. At the top, you can also see some enclosures on the edge of the abyss along with the stairs. From this point, you can see the citadel of Machu Picchu from a panoramic perspective and more than 400 meters down you can see the river of the Urubamba river canyon with the bottom of the mountains. The ascent to the top of the mountain depends on the physical condition of each traveler varies between one hour to one-hour ½ of walking. On the steep road, this alternative may seem risky for travelers who suffer from vertigo during the journey will find cables that will help him to ascend. Undoubtedly if you travel to the citadel of Machu Picchu and also visit the mountain of Huayna Picchu it will be a unique experience in the heights will be like being in the sky above the clouds, where you can appreciate the greatness of the landscape beauty. Temple of the Moon on the other path we will find the Temple of the Moon where you can see stone staircases, caverns, benches, and double and triple jamb trapezoidal niches. This enclosure has a mausoleum aspect shaped with a fine stonework that fits perfectly with the rocky outcrops that serve as the roof of the enclosure. In front of the temple, there are platforms approximately 50 meters long and 2 meters high. According to some historians, it is alleged that this place belonged to the elite due to the effort required for the construction of this site. It is believed that it could have served as royal burial tombs and that they were later looted. Getting here will take about 1-hour ½ from the citadel of Machu Picchu.

Schedule of Entrance: First Shift: 07:00 am - 08:00 am, Second Shift: 10:00 pm - 11:00 am.

Mountain of Machu Picchu (Montaña). - Its name is in Quechua in Spanish means "Old Mountain" Known more as "mountain" is at 3,082 masl the road offers a quieter walk the trail is wider and less steep. It has a distance of more than 2 kilometers to reach the top it will take approximately 2 hours and is ideal if you travel with family and children. Reaching the top you can appreciate the citadel and all its landscapes from another angle to the citadel of Machu Picchu. Since you walk about 30 minutes the traveler can appreciate the incredible view of the Inca citadel of Machu Picchu from where he is since they can take pictures of different angles and enjoy the tour surrounded by nature on the heights. Also from here, you can appreciate the canyon of the Urubamba river surrounded by the different mountains or Apus. The advantage of this walk is that from above you can appreciate all the natural beauty of the citadel, the mountain of Huayna Picchu and the whole mountain range that surrounds them will have a more complete view. There are no archaeological remains, but there is an abundance of flora and fauna. It is recommended to purchase the entrance tickets in advance to anticipate the schedules of trains and buses.

Schedule of Entrance: First Shift: 07:00 am - 08:00 am, Second Shift: 09:00 am - 10:00 am.

Putucusi Mountain. - Its name of Quechua origin in Spanish means "happy head" also known as the mountain that protects the citadel of Machu Picchu. It has a circular or round shape that resembles a head and is in front of the Inca citadel of Machu Picchu. Its highest peak reaches 2,560 masl. The walk mixes three types of steep, narrow and wide trails. In the tour, we can observe a variety of flora, bromeliads, and orchids. On the route you have to walk on a wide path and then climb very steep wooden stairs clinging to the mountain about 35 meters high at an angle of 70 degrees at the sides will have cables to hold there will have to be careful to not slip. At each point you arrive you will have a different view of the dense cloud forest that surrounds the Machu Picchu Sanctuary. Continuing with the walk you will have another spectacular view of the town of Aguas Calientes from where you can notice the limits of the town. It is advisable to go up with a group of people who know the route or a guide because there are paths of abundant vegetation and this can take you to another place. The income is made from the town of Aguas Calientes by the path that is on top of the railway. Already at the top of the mountain of Putucusi, we can have spectacular views of the citadel of Machu Picchu as it is at the same height as the Inca citadel of Machu Picchu. From here you can appreciate the mountain of Huayna Picchu and the mountain range that surrounds them from behind and the valley of the Urubamba river, we must indicate that there are no structures or Inca enclosures. For the walk along this route or to this mountain, it is not necessary to book tickets since the entrance is free. If you want a different and unique experience this is the option you should take it will be a wonderful walk with fewer people, spectacular views from another angle will be like being in heaven will be almost unreal to be there. It is not recommended to go up during the rainy season, that is, between November and March, since the path, stairs, and stairs can be very slippery and cause an accident.

Schedule of Entrance: Free entrance, it is recommended to go up early.

Aguas Calientes town. - Also known as Machu Picchu village is located at 2,040 masl within the jurisdiction of the Machu Picchu district and the province of Urubamba is surrounded by mountains and abundant vegetation. In the past, there was a railroad linking Cusco and Santa Ana to 112 kilometers from the city of Cusco where they settled a point of machinery and since then the railroad was located in this area is how the town of Aguas Calientes is born. It has a warm temperate climate due to the location at the edge of the forest. The average temperature is 16 ° C. The rainy season is from November to March and reaches 25 ° C. Because of its location at 30 minutes from the Inca citadel of Machu Picchu, this place is a strategic point of mobilization for tourists arriving from all over the world. The railroad Peru Rail and Inca Rail also pass through the town. Due to the strategic point of arrival of tourists from around the world the town has grown and developed the tourist infrastructure of hotels, restaurants, galleries and tourist shops from the most basic to the most luxurious. Among the attractive places is the main square the church and the thermal baths, located 10 minutes from the town uphill to 800 meters. It is a place visited by the warmth of the environment, its waters have medicinal properties, its waters sprout from the rocky subsoil. The place is very picturesque owns pools of natural thermal waters its temperature oscillates between 38 and 48 degrees. They also offer drinks and food, bathrooms, changing rooms for men and women. The Mandor Gardens is a place that offers one of the most beautiful walks surrounded by abundant vegetation and beautiful landscapes surrounded by beautiful waterfalls. The Gardens are considered a sanctuary since it hosts a variety of native species of flora and fauna. The entrance is 10 soles and it is only recommended to wear good trekking shoes to get there. The walk lasts about an hour following the railway that leads to Hidroelectrica, the walk will be much more pleasant surrounded by mountains, surrounded by nature and overlooking the river. Mariposario de Machu Picchu, this place is a good option if traveling with children is 15 minutes from the town this place has a diversity of butterflies, some of them are unique species that can only be seen in Machu Picchu.

Types of entrance to Machu Picchu

Entrance ticket to Machu Picchu. - To acquire the entrance for the lost city of the Incas "Machu Picchu" you have to book the entrance ticket with days in advance through the website and then pay at the Ministry of Culture. To acquire it, it is important to have your identity document or passport. And if you decide to acquire it through a travel agency every traveler will have to necessarily have his passport. Currently, there are two shifts to enter the citadel. There are different schedules.  These were established with the objective of a better transit organization within the citadel, in any of the shifts that you decide to acquire you will have 4 hours to stay inside the citadel from your time of entry. For this reason, it is recommended to take the consetur buses up to the entrance door very early to save time and enjoy the wonderful city of the Incas Machu Picchu calmly. If you are traveling alone or with friends and you like adventure, you can choose the option of going up the mountain of Huayna Picchu through the hiking route. The hike will last approximately 1-hour ½.

Entrance ticket to Machu Picchu + Huayna Picchu. - To acquire your entrance ticket to the citadel of Machu Picchu + Huayna Picchu you will have to book 3 months in advance as the entrance to the mountain of Huayna Picchu is limited. Only 400 people per day are allowed in the two shifts. There is the first shift, the entrance is from 07:00 a.m. to 08:00 a.m. If the traveler has this time on his ticket he can only enter this shift he will not be allowed to enter another time. There is also the second shift the hour of entry is from 10:00 am to 11:00 am. These are the hours in which you can enter the mountain of Huayna Picchu and must respect the shifts strictly. For this reason, it is important to choose well in which turn the traveler wants to climb the mountain. The time it takes to climb to the top will depend on the pace of the traveler, but most do so in one hour of the climb and one hour of descent. To enjoy and make better use of your visit to the citadel. It is recommended to enter very early at 06:00 a.m. In case you travel with children you can also enter children under 8 years old do not pay the entrance. Child care will be the responsibility of their parents. It is advised that if any traveler suffers from vertigo, reserve other options.

Entrance ticket to the citadel of Machu Picchu + Machu Picchu Mountain (Montaña). - To acquire your entry ticket to the citadel of Machu Picchu + Montaña you will have to reserve weeks in advance to ensure your entry. Some tourists take this option when they have not reached the entrance to the mountain of Huayna Picchu. For this mountain there are also two entry shifts: the first shift, the entry is from 07:00 a.m. to 08:00 a.m. if the traveler has this time on his ticket he can only enter this shift he will not be allowed to enter another hour. There is also the second shift the time of entry is from 09:00 am to 10:00 am, these are the hours in which you can enter the mountain of Machu Picchu and must also respect the shifts strictly. For this reason, it is important to choose well in which turn. The time it takes to climb to the top will depend on the pace of the traveler, but most do so in two hours of climbing and two hours of descent. To take this option it is recommended to see the train schedules and how much time is counted to visit it. It is recommended to physically fit so that the climb to the mountain is not difficult. The road is wider and you can enjoy more of the walk in the company of your family or friends.

Entrance ticket to Machu Picchu citadel + Museum. - To acquire the income for the lost city of the Incas "Machu Picchu" + Manuel Chávez Ballón Museum you have to book the entrance ticket with days in advance through the website and then pay at the Ministry of Culture. To acquire it, it is important to have your identity document or passport. Currently, there are two shifts to enter the citadel. The first shift in the morning is from 6:00 a.m. to 12:00 noon. The second shift is in the afternoon from 12:00 noon to 17:30 pm. These two shifts were established with the objective of a better transit organization within the citadel, in any of the shifts that you decide to acquire you will have 4 hours to stay inside the citadel from your time of entry. Regarding the entrance to the Manuel Chávez Ballón Museum. It can be entered from 09:00 a.m. until 16:30 p.m. To enter the museum, you should consider that its location is close to the ruins bridge in the town of Aguas Calientes. Visiting the museum will give you an extensive knowledge of how the citadel was built and you will learn more about its history and architecture.

For this reason, it is recommended to take the consetur buses up to the entrance door very early to save time and enjoy calmly the wonderful city of the Incas Machu Picchu and the Museum. If you take this option, it is advisable to visit the museum first and then go up to the citadel of Machu Picchu.

Recommendations

  • It is recommended to book or purchase your entrance ticket with days in advance.
  • Is recommended to book 3 months in advance the entrance to Huayna Picchu of the date of entry as the entrance is limited.
  • It is recommended to see the restrictions on the entrance tickets.
  • In high season of tourism that is from the months of May to October, it is recommended to reserve the entrance ticket to Machu Picchu + Huayna Picchu with more months of anticipation.
  • To visit calmly and enjoy the sight of the citadel of Machu Picchu, board the bus very early to avoid long queues at the time of boarding the bus and at the entrance gate of the citadel.
  • Dress comfortable clothing for hiking and trekking shoes the stairs are slippery.
  • Take a backpack where you can carry your personal items such as cameras, sunglasses, sun hat, water, fruit and more.
  • If you travel on your own, buy all the services with time, for example, entrance tickets to Machu Picchu, bus tickets, train, book in advance the hotel.
  • Organize the visiting times well to avoid setbacks and inconveniences of schedule.
  • Local currency and dollars on hand in case there is any urgency.

Ways to get to Machu Picchu

The route by Train. - Travel by train to the lost city of the Incas Machu Picchu is the option most chosen by travelers and the route most used by most travelers. There are two train companies Peru Rail and Inca Rail both have train stations in the town of Ollantaytambo. To travel by this route, it will be necessary to travel for an hour from the city of Cusco to Ollantaytambo. From there, you will be able to board the train to the town of Aguas Calientes. Another more convenient way to travel is from the train station in Poroy of the company Peru Rail the costs vary according to the frequency and train schedules. Arriving at the town of Aguas Calientes you can board the bus to the entrance to the lost citadel of the Machu Picchu Incas. It will depend if you travel independently, or hire the services of a travel agency, in this case, you can take the tours for a day or two days with overnight in Aguas Calientes.

The route Salkantay. - Another very interesting and different route for travelers who love adventure will be taking the Salkantay trekking option to finally reach the lost city of the Machu Picchu Incas. It could be mentioned that this route is more adventurous and longer than the Inca trail. When you take this trekking route you will see different types of landscapes from landscapes with mountains, snowy peaks, jungle canopy with abundant vegetation, landscapes with waterfalls, with gorges and rivers. It will be a wonderful experience to take this route you can enjoy nature more and connect more with it. Also on this route, you can enjoy the thermal baths of Cocalmayo will be satisfied to have taken this route. If you take this option to reach the citadel of Machu Picchu, you will have to hire the services of a travel agency as it is necessary to have a guide and all the necessary equipment for this adventure. There are tours of 4 and 5 days with the overnight in the different camps along the way. On this route, you can also board the train from Hidroeléctrica if you feel very tired to get to Aguas Calientes. Finally, you will arrive at the town of Aguas Calientes to spend the night and the next day visit the incredible and majestic citadel of Machu Picchu.

The route Inca Trail. - This famous route is the most requested by travelers who love trekking and adventure. The Inca Trail was built by the Incas a secret route to reach the citadel of Machu Picchu. If you choose to travel on this route, you must hire the services of a travel agency and book your package 3 months in advance, since entry into this route is limited by the Ministry of Culture. On the way, you will walk trails where you can appreciate the wonders of the landscapes and roads. On the way you will see waterfalls, mountains, chain of mountains, gorges and jungle brows will be a unique way to connect with nature and go back to the time of the Incas. On this route there are packages of 2 and 4 days, the route starts from kilometer 84 or 104 depending on the tour you choose. On this route you will also spend the night in different camping areas, just for the 4-day route, it will be a wonderful experience together with nature. We must know that the route is closed during the month of February for road maintenance.

Machu Picchu by Car. - This is the route most chosen by backpackers or by independent travelers who want more adventure to get to Machu Picchu. This route is traveled by land can choose to take the bus or vehicle that takes you to the town of Santa Maria the trip from the city of Cusco lasts 4 hours by car and 5 hours by bus. From Santa María you have to board a car to the town of Santa Teresa. The journey will take an hour; this is where you can get your train ticket to travel from Hidroeléctrica to Aguas Calientes. Or if you want you can visit first the thermal baths of Cocalmayo will be a unique and relaxing experience in the baths surrounded by nature. Then you can take the car that takes you to Hidroeléctrica from there you can board the train or walk for 2 hours ½ to get to Aguas Calientes. Spend the night in a hotel or lodging for the next day up to the citadel of Machu Picchu to enjoy and be amazed by the majesty of this place on the top of the mountain.

Machu Picchu by Bicycle. - For the more extroverted travelers who love adventures, we also have another way to get to Machu Picchu, it is a mix of activities during your trip. It is the 3 and 4 day Inca Jungle tour. This tour combines the journey by car to the point of Malaga and from this point begins the tour by bicycle, continues the walking tour, optional sections in canoes and continues a stretch on bicycles. Finally, the trip will conclude with the ascent to the citadel of Machu Picchu. In this option, the overnight stay will be in accommodations that have basic services.

 

Recommendations to Machu Picchu

  • Book in advance your entrance tickets for Machu Picchu + Huayna Picchu, especially for Huayna Picchu they run out very fast. High season from the month of April to October.
  • Take a backpack for the necessary things such as personal items, cameras, water, fruits, sun hat, sunglasses among others.
  • Dress Comfortable clothes so you can walk at ease.
  • Wear shoes suitable for trekking some stairs or stones can be slippery.
  • Take a camera for the photo of the memory.
  • Take a rain poncho or a waterproof house with you, since it happens to rain casually in Machu Picchu.
  • It is necessary to wear a hat that covers your face from the heat, sunglasses, sunscreen and mosquito repellent.
  • Take water to hydrate the visit to Machu Picchu lasts more than two hours.
  • If you need to buy something or for unexpected expenses, it is better to carry cash.
  • Take your identity document or passport with which you acquired your ticket or made reservations for hotels etc.
  • If you are sick it is better to take your personal medications or it is also recommended pills for altitude sickness or soroche in case it gives you some discomfort.
  • If you travel by train it is better to be half an hour before the departure time to avoid setbacks.
  • The train only allows to carry 7 kilos of luggage can be a backpack.
  • To get to the entrance gate of the citadel of Machu Picchu board the bus very early to avoid long lines and wait.
  • If you decided to climb the mountain of Huayna Picchu you will climb many stairs use trekking shoes.
  • Enjoy a unique and wonderful experience in the heights of the mountain of Huayna Picchu feel the energy and connect with nature.
  • After a wonderful visit at the top of the mountain enjoy the thermal baths of the town and relax surrounded by nature.

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